"The Grand Sweep of Cosmic History of How we got here"
For thousands of years, we − an advanced breed of talking monkeys − survived just like the inhumanly cruel beasts in jungles on a minor planet of a very average star. Immediately something called curiosity ensued which triggered the breath of our perception. We became conscious of our existence, able to find a new way to think of ourselves, started to wonder what makes us exist the way we are. If, like me, you have wondered looking at the star, and tried to make sense of what makes it shine the way it is. Did it shine forever or was there a limit beyond which it cannot or may not shine? And, where did the matter that created it all come from? Which came first, the chicken, or the egg? In other words, which cause makes the matter exist? And, what makes that cause exist. Or maybe, the matter, or the cause that does it exist, existed eternally, and didn't have a beginning. Up until recently, we have tended to shy away from such questions, thinking that finding answers for them is more complex than simply turn our mind blank and say mysterious God is the cause there is something living rather than nothing.
Everything that begins to exist must have a creator;
If the universe began to exist, then
The universe must have a creator.
But if the universe prevails in the boundary of understanding in that it neither started nor does it end: it would plainly be. What place, then for a mysterious creator?
Cosmology is the branch of science that studies the origin, evolution, and large-scale structure of the universe as a whole. It seeks to understand the physical laws that govern the universe, the nature of dark matter and dark energy, the formation and evolution of galaxies, and the ultimate fate of the universe. The modern understanding of cosmology is based on the theory of general relativity, which was developed by Albert Einstein in 1915. According to this theory, the universe is described as a four-dimensional space-time that is curved by the presence of matter and energy. The curvature of space-time determines the motion of objects in the universe, and it can be calculated using Einstein's equations. One of the key concepts in modern cosmology is the Big Bang theory, which states that the universe began as a hot, dense, and infinitely small point about 13.8 billion years ago. The universe has been expanding and cooling ever since, with the galaxies moving farther and farther apart from each other. Another important concept in cosmology is dark matter, which is a type of matter that does not interact with light or any other form of electromagnetic radiation. Dark matter is believed to make up about 85% of the matter in the universe, and its gravitational effects can be observed through the motions of galaxies and galaxy clusters. Dark energy is another mysterious component of the universe, which is believed to be responsible for the accelerated expansion of the universe in the present era. Dark energy is thought to make up about 70% of the total energy density of the universe, and its nature is not yet well understood. Cosmologists use a variety of observational and theoretical tools to study the universe, including telescopes, satellites, computer simulations, and mathematical models. The field of cosmology is constantly evolving as new observations and discoveries are made, and it is one of the most active and exciting areas of research in modern astrophysics.
This book is a comprehensive introduction to the field of cosmology, written for students and general readers interested in learning about the origins, evolution, and structure of the universe. The book covers the historical development of cosmological theories, from the ancient Greeks to the present day, and explores the latest observations and discoveries in astrophysics and cosmology. The book provides a clear and accessible explanation of the principles of general relativity, quantum mechanics, and other scientific theories that underpin our understanding of the universe. It also discusses the role of dark matter and dark energy in the structure and evolution of the universe, and explores the possibility of parallel universes and other speculative theories. This book emphasizes the importance of observational evidence and scientific testing in the development of cosmological theories, and it discusses the challenges and limitations of scientific inquiry in this field. Overall, "From the Beginning of Space and Time: Modern Science and the Mystic Universe" offers a comprehensive and engaging exploration of the mysteries of the universe, and it provides readers with a solid foundation for further study and exploration in this exciting field of science.